In my last post about building the pet feeders, I alluded to one of the limitations of the Raspberry Pi has: it lacks a real time clock. This is an understandable omission. They take up extra space and cost, are not needed for a lot of applications and can be pretty easily added if they are.
One of the limitations I found is that, if there is a power outage that lasts a significant amount of time - long enough for the UPS batteries that keep the wireless up go dead, for instance - that the Raspberry Pi's may "lose" track of time if they can't reconnect to wifi and, thus, sync up by NTP.
So I picked up a pair of these DS3231 RTCs from Amazon for about $5 each. This is how to get them to work on your Raspberry Pi.
Install Raspbian as usual.
fake-hwclockpackage. This is not strictly necessary, but probably a good idea. We're installing a real hwclock after all. :)
sudo apt remove fake-hwclock
/boot/config.txtand add the following option to the end of it:
/lib/udev/hwclock-setand comment out the following lines:
#if [ -e /run/systemd/system ] ; then # exit 0 #fi
Power down your Raspberry Pi.
Install the DS3231 over pins 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9. The picture below illustrates the installation.
Power the Raspberry Pi back up.
sudo hwclock -r. If you see something similar to:
You're good to go. It's now reading time from the hardware clock.
Now, on a clean shutdown, it should automatically write the current system time to the hwclock. But what about an unclean shutdown. Like, perhaps, one that comes as a result of a power outage? Well, what we can do is be sure to sync the system and hardware clocks on a schedule.
Remove the old
sudo rm /etc/cron.hourly/fake-hwclock
Add a new hourly cronjob that syncs up the clocks.
sudo touch /etc/cron.hourly/hwclock sudo chmod +x /etc/cron.hourly/hwclock sudo vi /etc/cron.hourly/hwclock
And add the following lines to it:
#!/bin/sh /sbin/hwclock --systohc
Special thanks to this thread, which covers much of the installation details.